Sunday, May 21, 2017
বিধাননগর বা সল্ট লেক কলকাতার একটি পরিকল্পিত উপনগরী । সল্ট লেক এখন অর্থনৈতিক এবং সামাজিক সম্প্রসারণের একটি জনপ্রিয় কেন্দ্র এবং আই টি কেন্দ্র হিসাবে বিখ্যাত। পশ্চিমবঙ্গের তৎকালীন মুখ্যমন্ত্রী বিধান চন্দ্র রায় এই উপগ্রহ এলাকা নির্মাণের পরিকল্পনা প্রণয়নে গুরুত্বপূর্ণ ভূমিকা রেখেছিলেন।
1756 সালের 17 জুন বঙ্গের নবাব সিরাজ উদ-দৌলাহ এই স্থানে তৎকালীন ফোর্ট উইলিয়ামে ব্রিটিশ ইস্ট ইন্ডিয়া কোম্পানির আক্রমণের কৌশল বের করে এনেছিলেন। এই লবণ হ্রদের অধিকার এবং শিরোনামটি মীর জাফর ও তার বংশধরদের সাথে স্থায়ী হয়, যারা এই যুদ্ধে জয়ী হয়ে কোম্পানির সমর্থন লাভ করে । ধীরে ধীরে, হ্রদের অধিকার স্থানীয় জমিদারদের কাছে গিয়েছিল এবং এলাকায় মৎস্যচাষের সূচনা হয়েছিল।
সল্ট লেক বেশ কিছু সুবিধা প্রদান করে যা সাধারণত অন্যান্য পুরোনো ভারতীয় শহরগুলিতে পাওয়া যায় না। বিধাননগরে পরিষ্কার এবং পরিচালিত সড়ক, বৃক্ষবিশিষ্ট কাঠামো, অপেক্ষাকৃত দূষণমুক্ত পরিবেশ, সুইমিং পুল, বিপুলসংখ্যক বিদ্যালয় ও শিক্ষা প্রতিষ্ঠান, ভারতের বৃহত্তম ক্রীড়াস্তম্ভ এবং বিশ্বের দ্বিতীয় বৃহত্তম স্টেডিয়াম রয়েছে ।
সিটি সেন্টার, আইএনএক্স মাল্টিপ্লেক্স, নিকো পার্ক, নেতাজি সুভাষ স্পোর্টস ইনস্টিটিউট, হোটেল এবং বিশাল সরকারী দপ্তরগুলি যেগুলি শুধুমাত্র স্থানীয় শহরে নয় বরং কলকাতার সম্পূর্ণ শহরকে পূরণ করে। মূলত, বৃহত্তর কলকাতার সমগ্র প্রশাসনিক কাঠামো অধিষ্ঠিত করার জন্য বিধাননগর ডিজাইন করা হয়েছিল, তবে এই ধারণাটি পরিকল্পনার প্রাথমিক পর্যায়ে বাদ দেওয়া হয়েছিল ।
নিকো পার্ক, পূর্ব ভারতে প্রথম চিত্তবিনোদন পার্ক এবং নালবান বোটিং কমপ্লেক্স, সেক্টর IV চত্বরের মধ্যে অবস্থিত । কলকাতা শহরের সবচেয়ে বড় শপিং মলের মধ্যে একটি, সিটি সেন্টার এখানে অবস্থিত । বিধাননগরে কয়েকটি ভালো ইনফরমেশন টেকনোলজি কোম্পানি, সরকারি এবং বেসরকারি হাসপাতাল রয়েছে যেমন এএমআরআই, কলকাতা হার্ট রিসার্চ ইনস্টিটিউট, টিসিএস, আইবিএম ইত্যাদি।
ময়দানের পর কলকাতা নগর এলাকার বৃহত্তম সেন্ট্রাল পার্ক এখানে অবস্থিত ।
Wednesday, May 10, 2017
Known as Jorasanko Thakur Bari, we are in the ancestral home of the Tagore family in Jorasanko in north Kolkata. It is located on the campus of Rabindra Bharati University and it is a place with a great history behind it. In this house was born Rabindranath Tagore, the poet and first non-European winner of the nobel prize.
Jorasanko is the place where Tagore spent most of his childhood, and where he died on 7 August 1941. Its construction dates from the eighteenth century on the orders of Prince Dwarkanath Tagore, the grandfather of Rabindranath Tagore.
At present the house has been restored to reflect the way the house was when the Tagore family lived in it and serves as the Tagore museum in Kolkata. This museum offers details on the history of the Tagore family, including its link with the Bengal renaissance and Brahmo Samaj. Jorasanko was the thriving centre for upper middle class Bengalis during the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, and was the heart of the Bengali socio-cultural renaissance.
The area lies along the ancient communication road which descended from Murshidabad to the temple of Kalighat and which today crosses the city of Calcutta from north to south under various names like the Barrackpore Trunk Road, Chitpur Road or Rabindra Sarani, Bentinck Street, Chowringhee Road and Ashutosh Mukherjee Road, to arrive at Kalighat.
In 1785, Jorasanko took over from Machuabazar and was mentioned in the first list of the administration of the city of Calcutta. It took off in the 19th century and became the neighborhood of opulent orthodox Bengali families, in contrast to the European neighborhood of Chowringhee and Park Street.
Jorasanko is the cradle of the socio-cultural renaissance of Bengalia, to which these families contributed in large measure, by funding important associations and institutions such as the Adi Brahmo Samaj, the Minerva library, the Haribhakti Pradayini Sabha, all of which were set up there. Some have survived for the pleasure of tourists, such as the Thakurbari and the marble palace of the Mullicks.
Like the Thakurbari of Tagore, other great palatial houses had their theater stage. The composition of plays in the Bengali language was encouraged by literary prizes. Literary works of Shakespeare were translated from English. As much as the dramatic sessions the declamation of poems was a highly valued form of literary activity. The Rabindra Bharati University of Fine Arts, founded in 1962 in the ancestral home of Tagore is located in Jorasanko.
Visitors have the opportunity to enjoy cultural programs on important days, such as the poet's birthday or the anniversary of his death. At times like this are held celebrations that are worth to enjoy if you have the time. All this makes the museum highly recommended to be visited.
রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর ছিলেন দেবেন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুরের সর্বকনিষ্ঠ পুত্র। তিনি বাড়িতে শিক্ষিত ছিলেন এবং সতেরো বছরে তিনি আনুষ্ঠানিক ভাবে স্কুলে যাওয়ার জন্য ইংল্যান্ডে গিয়েছিলেন, সেখানে তিনি তার পড়াশোনা শেষ করেননি। প্রাপ্তবয়স্ক বছরগুলিতে, তার বহুবিশিষ্ট সাহিত্যিক কার্যক্রম ছাড়াও, তিনি পারিবারিক এস্টেটে পরিচালনা করেন, একটি প্রকল্প যা তাকে সাধারণ মানবতার সাথে ঘনিষ্ঠ যোগাযোগের মধ্যে নিয়ে আসে এবং সামাজিক সংস্কারের ক্ষেত্রে তার আগ্রহ বৃদ্ধি করে।
তিনি শান্তিনিকেতনে একটি পরীক্ষামূলক স্কুল শুরু করেন যেখানে তিনি তাঁর উপনিষদ শিক্ষার আদর্শের চেষ্টা করেন। সময়ে সময়ে তিনি ভারতীয় জাতীয়তাবাদী আন্দোলনে অংশ নেন, যদিও তার নিজের অনুভূতিহীন এবং স্বপ্নদর্শী উপায়ে এবং আধুনিক ভারতে রাজনৈতিক পিতা গান্ধী ছিলেন তাঁর অনুগত বন্ধু।
1915 সালে রবীন্দ্রনাথ ব্রিটিশ সরকার কর্তৃক নাইটহুড পান, তবে কয়েক বছরের মধ্যে তিনি ভারতে ব্রিটিশ নীতির বিরুদ্ধে প্রতিবাদ হিসেবে পদত্যাগ করেন। রবীন্দ্রনাথের জন্মভূমি বাংলায় লেখক হিসেবে সাফল্য লাভ করেন। তাঁর কিছু কবিতা এবং অনুবাদের মাধ্যমে তিনি দ্রুত পশ্চিমে পরিচিত হন । আসলে তার খ্যাতি একটি উজ্জ্বল উচ্চতা অর্জন করে । বিশ্বের জন্য তিনি ভারতের আধ্যাত্মিক ঐতিহ্যের কণ্ঠস্বর হয়ে ওঠেন এবং ভারতের জন্য, বিশেষত বাংলার জন্য, তিনি একটি মহান জীবিত প্রতিষ্ঠান হয়ে ওঠেন ।
যদিও রবীন্দ্রনাথ সব সাহিত্যচর্চার ক্ষেত্রে সফলভাবে সফল ছিলেন, তবে তিনি সর্বপ্রথম কবি ছিলেন। তাঁর পঞ্চাশ ও অদ্ভুত কাব্যগ্রন্থের মধ্যে সোনার তরি (1894), গীতাঞ্জলি (1910) এবং বালাকা (1916) সব থেকে বেশি সাফল্য পায় । গীতাঞ্জলি, তাদের মধ্যে সর্বাধিক প্রশংসিত । তিনি কয়েকটি সংক্ষিপ্ত কাহিনী এবং কয়েকটি উপন্যাস লেখেন । এর পাশাপাশি তিনি 1941 সালে তাঁর মৃত্যুর কয়েকদিন আগে দুটি আত্মজীবনী রচনা করেছিলেন। অন্যদিকে রবীন্দ্রনাথ অনেক ছবি ও গানও লিখেছিলেন যা রবীন্দ্র সঙ্গীত হিসেবে পরিচিতি পায় ।
Rabindranath Tagore was born into a wealthy family and lived his childhood and youth in a privileged cultural environment. He was the last of the fourteen children of a family consecrated to the spiritual renewal of Bengal. He received education through tutors and in several schools. He wrote his first poem at the age of eight years and got published at seventeen.
In 1878 he was sent to Great Britain, where he studied literature and music in University College, London. He married a sixteen-year-old girl in 1883, when he was known for his poems and songs, and in 1890, he went on to manage the assets of his wife's family in present-day Bangladesh, continuing his literary work.
In 1901, he moved to Santiniketan, where he founded a school, in which he structured a pedagogical system that defended the intellectual freedom of the human being, which at the end of 1921 became an international university under the name of Visva Bharati, and was declared a state university in 1951. He traveled to England, Japan and the United States, continuing his work at his school, and raising funds for this purpose. In time he would travel to Peru and Argentina and later to Southeast Asia. The last years of his life was also dedicated to painting.
Politically, Tagore was an advocate of Indian independence and was against the partition of the Indian subcontinent. From 1912 he received numerous invitations to speak in Europe, USA and some Asian countries, which served to increase his prestige. In 1913, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature, in recognition of his entire career and his political and social involvement.
Tagore was the author of stories, short stories, essays, travel books, theater and especially poems, for which he is best known, and to which he often put music. He wrote in Bengali that he himself translated into English. He is the most prestigious Indian writer of the early twentieth century. He published in the literary newspaper Bharati, founded by two of his brothers in 1876.
Friday, April 14, 2017
Pohela Boishakh or Poila Baisakh or Naba Barsha is the Bengali New Year day that falls on the 14 or 15 of April every year. It's the Panjika publishing is a big business in Kolkata with Gupta Press, PM Bagchi. Bengal celebrate Poila Baishakh with happiness is also considered to be the most auspicious month for marriages and new business venture.
The Bengali New Year is known as Pôhela Boishakh and corresponds to the first day according to the Bengali Calendar that is celebrated all over Bangladesh and West Bengal, as far as the community in Assam, Tripura, Orissa and Kolkata. The start date is usually April 14, according to the official calendar of the Bangla Academy. We're talking about a tradition that refers to the Hindu solar calendar. This is about to start the year in Bengalis a very important day. And the beginning of all activities related to trade, because it is considered auspicious, and this is also true for weddings.
The New Year is closely linked with rural life in Bengal. So in the morning people get up early, clean the house and dress well. Women wear red rimmed white sari, put flowers in the hair and apply bindi between the eyes. Men wear long tunics and kurta. Tradition dictates that people wait for the dawn of the first day under a tree or on the banks of a river. They thus begin the festivities that last about a week.
Tuesday, January 31, 2017
Vasant Panchami is sometimes referred to as Saraswati Puja. Saraswati is worshiped since the Vedic times as a goddess of knowledge, arts, literature, music, painting and poetry and is often mentioned in the Rig Veda and Purana as a river god.
The hymns of the Rig Veda dedicated to Saraswati mention her as a mighty river. The most popular theory about it is that this ancient river was formed by the old route of the river Yamuna, which flowed for a distance parallel to the river Indus on the bed of the river Ghaggar-Hakra, going to flow into the Rann of Kutch, which at the time was part of the Arabian Sea.
Along the course of Sarasvati would then be created and developed the Harappan civilization and Saraswati-Sindhu. The oldest traces of writing notes in India have been found in the ruins of their cities that lined the ancient waterway. It has been suggested that the proper role of the river in the development of written language to have inspired the association of the goddess as the personification of knowledge and the arts of communication.
Between XX and XVII centuries BC, the river changed its course due to seismic activity along its route, and the Yamuna became a tributary of the Ganges, the Indus and some of its tributaries flowed, greatly reducing the water flow of the river; following the movement of the river, a large part of the population inhabiting its banks moved into the valley of the Ganges.
The later Vedic texts speak of the river that disappears at Vinasana literally, the disappearance, and flows into the Ganges as an invisible river. According to some interpretations of modern sacredness of the Ganges also derives from the presence in it of the waters of the ancient river Saraswati, the giver of life.
Saraswati is often depicted as a beautiful woman dressed in white, often seated on a lotus white or its vehicle vahaan, a swan is associated with the white color because of the purity of true knowledge, but also occasionally to yellow color of the flowers of mustard , which bloom in the period of its festivities. She is not generally adorned with jewels as Lakshmi, and indeed is often seen in austere outfits.
Thursday, January 26, 2017
Winter weather is the time of year including the three coldest months, largely overlapped with the astronomical winter. In this sense the onset of winter weather vary depending, mainly, to the latitude. During the winter, people with allergies, may develop hypersensitivity to pollens, dusts and powders, you spend much time at home, and also some chemical components of some cleaning products can cause allergic crisis.
Kolkata has a semi arid climate with high variation between summer and winter. Summers are long, from early April to October, characterized by the monsoon season. Winters are characterized by the presence of a thick fog. Extreme temperatures range from 6 ° C to 42 ° C. The average annual temperature is 25 ° C; monthly average temperatures range from 14 ° C to 33 ° C.
Sunday, January 22, 2017
The International Book Fair in Kolkata, internationally known by its name of the Calcutta Book Fair is the most prestigious book fair in Asia and takes place every year in January. Access to the exhibition is reserved for professionals, publishers, literary agents, major distributors. Each of the pavilions of the Fair, some of which are organized into two or three superimposed floors is dedicated to a geographic area or commodity specific.
It was founded in 1976 by the association of booksellers Kolkata Publishers' and Booksellers' Guild and is one of the largest book fairs in the world. The city also has a centuries old tradition of book fairs. Hosts 2 million visitors to over 9,000 exhibitors the first figure represents a world record. Each year focuses in particular the production and culture of a country.
The lounge is open to professionals and to the public and the exhibitors large and small publishers and representatives of the publishing industry. As part of the Fair were presented popular books, informative, educational, academic, photographic books, on art , civilization. The event is also relevant because the publishing houses in Calcutta alone produce about three-fifths of the books in the Bengali language printed in the world.
There are stands of private publishing houses and government agencies around the world, and retailers of books, videos, and other media, and in the course of about three weeks that comprise the exhibition there held lectures, readings and other public events, both in Bengali and in English, as well as in other languages.
The stated target of the fair is the average Indian, and the material is subject to the mainstream in the frame of the exhibition there are outdoor activities and performances, such as fireworks.
Over the years, the show has gradually expanded view of their initiatives is chosen for each edition a theme for conferences, meetings and publications are invited editors and writers of a host country every year there are hundreds of conferences, meetings with prominent protagonists of the world of culture, presentations of new publications, educational activities that allow children to approach reading with animations, workshops and theatrical performances.
Friday, January 20, 2017
Fragrant and sweet Nolen Gur, Khejur Gur, Patali Gur is a special jaggery produced by date trees palm trees in Bengal only in the winter months. Many sweet shops, restaurants and hotels host nolen gur festival of traditional Bengali sweets during this time. The Gur is a starch extracted from the pith of several species of palm tree belonging to the genus Metroxylon, Cycas and Phoenix. The Gur is a staple food for the peoples. It is traditionally cooked and eaten in various forms, such as in pithas, mixed with boiling water to form a paste, or as a pancake.
The jaggery resembles many other starches, and both the Gur that the tapioca are commercially produced in the form of pearls, similar to each other in appearance, that can be used interchangeably in different dishes. This similarity causes some confusion in the names of dishes made with the pearls. Because of Gur starch produced by Metroxylon is the most used, this item will refer to Gur obtained from Metroxylon unless otherwise specified.
The palm trees are cut just before flowering when the stems are rich in starch. From a palm tree are extracted from 150 to 300 kg of Gur. Sago starch is cooked getting products similar to bread, flatbread or the biscuits or mixed with boiling water to form a dough. The Gur can be added to the pudding steamed, as the plum pudding and sago, may be in powder used as a thickener for other dishes, or it can be used as a consistent flour.
The starch is also used to treat the fibers making them more easy to work. The process is called sizing and helps to increase the cohesion between the fibers make the outer surface more smooth, lubricate it to make easier the sliding on metal. Most of the fabrics and clothing is treated with sizing, which, however, leaves residues that are removed by the first wash.
In Indonesia and Malaysia, Gur is a staple food of many traditional communities of New Guinea, Borneo, Maluku and Sumatra. In Brunei , it is used to prepare a typical dish called local ambuyat. Commercially, it is used for noodles and white bread. Globally, its main use is in pearls like the Tapioca and often present in beverages and smoothies.
The sago starch is not only used in the food industry, but is also an important material in various industries such as paper, plywood and textile industries. The Gur is in fact used to produce adhesives, paper, ethanol, syrups with a high content of glucose and fructose, maltodextrins, cyclodextrins and monosodium glutamate.
The Gur starch through fermentation can be further converted to produce biodegradable plastic and ethanol diesel. The residual biomass can, likewise, be used for the production of energy and heat. Since many people rely on traditional Gur as a food essential, and since reserves are not unlimited, in some areas of the commercial or industrial uncontrolled harvesting of Gur can conflict with the food needs of local communities.
Friday, December 30, 2016
At the end of the year, the people of Kolkata celebrates and dance in great joy. The streets of this historic city attracts a large crowd, who spend the 31 December night in gala dinners, dances, jokes, operas, trendy clubs and mundane bars. Fantastic exhibitions and numerous events like concerts and operas are of great attraction as well as the smash hit musicals of the year offers a wide range of entertainment for the day and the New Year's Eve.
The New Year in Kolkata is incomplete without its authentic food and music parties. As the New Year approaches, singers are hired by neighbourhoods for concerts and musical events involving Bollywood stars and celebrities. Large crowds gather to watch these shows, and maybe get a photo with some stars.
Thursday, December 29, 2016
Christmas in Kolkata is a holiday, which is also called as bada din or long day and that is it. With the Christmas Mass, the feast is celebrated and the banquet is no less delicious than other countries. Particularly typical are the cakes and desserts, which are served in clay pots for this holiday.
Wednesday, November 9, 2016
Jagadhatri Puja is a major sociocultural event that is more common in Bengal than the other part of India. The word Jagaddhatri literally means, protector of the world. Durga, the feminine aspect is most often depicted as a warrior goddess with 10 arms who rides a tiger or a lion. Her name means invincible.